Polk County Detention Center | Livingston, Texas | IDJC
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Polk County Detention Center

The Polk County Detention Center is an immigration detention facility located 75 miles from Houston, Texas.  The facility houses ICE detainees — immigrants held while their immigration cases are resolved.  Because of Polk County’s proximity to the Huntsville Unit — only 45 miles away — the detention center hosts many detainees who have finished serving prison sentences there.  The detention center falls within the jurisdiction of the Houston Field Office, and immigration cases at Polk County are handled from the Houston SPC Immigration Court.

Contact Information

Contacting the Facility


Polk County Detention Center
3400 FM 350 South
Livingston, Texas 77351



Contacting A Detainee

To speak to a detainee by phone, the detainee will have to call you, either using a calling card or by calling collect.  Unfortunately, the facility will not connect you directly to the inmate.  According to two staff members there, the facility will also not allow you to leave messages for the detainee.  Making sure that the detainee has funds is the best way to ensure that the detainee can call you.

To deposit money in the person’s commissary account, send a bank or postal money order to the facility.  The money order can also be brought directly to the facility.

To visit the a person, note that visitation hours have changed.  Immigration detainees can be visited on Thursday or Friday between 6am and 6pm, and on Saturdays and Sundays between 6am and 9pm.

To send mail to the person, use the facility’s main address:

Inmate Name and Alien Number
Polk County Detention Center
3400 FM 350 South
Livingston, Texas 77351

Contacting Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

ICE deportation officers and ICE lawyers are located in an office next to the Polk County Detention Facility.  They can be contacted at (936)967-1700.  Their fax number is (936)967-1840.  The Assistant Field Office Director in charge of the Polk County Detention Center is Bret Bradford.  The Field Office Director who heads the Houston Field Office is Kenneth L. Landgrebe, who can be reached at (281)774)-4816.

Getting Released

Immigration Bonds

Many immigration detainees at Polk County are eligible for release on an immigration bond.  Bond eligibility can be decided either by an ICE officer or by an immigration court.  To find out if ICE has determined that a person is eligible for bond, contact the ICE officers at the Polk County ICE office.  They can be reached at (936)967-1700.  While ICE may not permit a person to be released on bond, that person may have better luck with requesting release from an immigration judge.

If the person is eligible for bond and wishes to post it, his family or friends can do so at any ICE ERO Field Office in the county.  However, to obtain release in the shortest amount of time, go to the Houston Field Office:

126 North Point
Houston, Texas 77060

The person posting bond should be a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident and should bring two forms of photo ID.


After release, ICE will transport the person to a Greyhound station in Houston, Texas.

The Removal Process

Detainees at Polk County Detention Center are typically charged with removability from the United States.  In other words, Immigration and Customs Enforcement will place the person in removal proceedings.  If the person has never been deported, the he or she will normally have the chance to defend against deportation before an immigration judge.

Immigration Court

Most of the time, immigration cases out of Polk County are heard before the Houston SPC Court, located at 5520 Greens Road, Houston, Texas 77032.  Occasionally, when there is a high volume of immigration detainees at Polk County, an immigration judge will travel to Polk County for hearings.  That immigration judge is usually Judge Jimmie Benton.  The other immigration judges at Houston SPC will hear cases out of Polk County through televideo.  That means that Polk County detainees will not travel to Houston for immigration court, but will instead appear there on a television monitor.


Currently, it can take between 2-3 weeks for a person to see an immigration judge, from the time that he or she is detained. In fiscal year 2011, it took 42 days on average for a case at Polk County Detention Center to be completed.

Facility Background

The Polk County Detention Center is a local county jail which contracts with Immigration and Customs Enforcement through an intergovernmental services agreement.  By contract, Polk County agrees to host immigration detainees in exchange for money.  A private company named Community Education Centers (CEC) is hired by the county to manage the Polk County Detention Center.  CEC operates jails in 18 states throughout the country.  The Polk County Detention Facility was built in January of 2005, and has space for roughly 1057 inmates.  According to internal audits from 2009, there are no female ICE detainees at the Polk County Detention Center.

Nearby Facilities

If you are having difficulty locating someone at the Polk County Detention Center, you may want to try contacting any the following immigration detention centers:

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